What is Bariatric Surgery? All you need to know

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Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric Surgery is the process of reducing the size of stomach so that less food is absorbed, which gradually results into weight loss. With its relative success, the use of bariatric surgery in the last few years has increased. More and more people are thinking to shrink the size of their stomach so that their body weight remains controlled.

Sure obesity is not just an appearance issue, but it can lead to many fatal health and psychological problems, if not treated at an early stage. It’s seen that obese individuals generally lack motivation and confidence. Where some people who are lucky enough manage to regulate their body weight by taking care of their diet and following a proper workout plan, others – despite their hard efforts – only end up struggling to lose weight, with no positive result. For such people Bariatric surgery could bring many benefits. But before you hasten and book an appointment from the next surgeon you see in a TV commercial or on a billboard, it is advised that you do some research about the pros and cons of bariatric surgery.

For a start it is important to understand that there are different types of bariatric surgeries which include using a band to tie off part of your stomach and blocking it, removing a part of your stomach or reconnecting a part of your stomach to small intestine. But all of them work to limit the total amount of food you could consume at once.

Here, some common myths relating bariatric surgery:

1) It is not necessarily a sure-shot replacement for improving your diet.

2) Reducing the size of stomach will not only result into permanent weight loss – unless and until you do not follow a healthy lifestyle.

3) Bariatric surgery is not a quick fix. It takes a considerable amount of time before your surgeon would even consider you ready for the surgery.

4) Bariatric surgery is not for everyone who is obese. There is a defined mass index – which only makes you qualified to undergo the bariatric surgery. According to AIIMS India, you must have a minimum BMI of 35 for at least five years, or a minimum BMI of 33.5 with considerable medical issues and complications related to obesity, known as co-morbidities. It moreover generally operate people between the age 18 to 65.

5) The surgery is not 100 percent safe, as a minor complication during the process can lead to intestinal obstruction, low blood sugar and atypical kind of diarrhoea known as “dumping syndrome”

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