Nobody knows when a medical emergency might hit you. It is better to be prepared and stock up essential healthcare appliances at home so that you can handle the situation before help arrives.
Below is the list of easy to handle primary medical devices you need to keep at home. All these essential health devices are readily available at your nearest pharma store or online. Let’s have a look.
A thermometer is a medical device that measures body temperature. The average body temperature ranges between 97 F to 99 F. Temperature above 100.4 F is considered a fever and you need to rest, eat bland foods, probiotics and drink lots of water. Fever may be a sign of viral or bacterial infection, heat exhaustion, inflammatory conditions and even a malignant tumour. High-grade fever ranges from 103-104 F. Try warm water bath, fanning, a sponge bath and undressing to bring down the temperature. If you are uncomfortable and fever is accompanied by a stiff neck, severe headache, shortness of breath and severe body ache call your doctor. Your doctor may prescribe antipyretic medicines. Temperature above 104-107 is termed as hyperpyrexia and needs immediate hospitalization. Keeping a thermometer at home will help you determine the temperature. If the temperature is unusually high, you can take the necessary precautions. There are two types of thermometer available mercury or a digital thermometer. Mercury thermometer is considered more accurate, but as mercury is a toxic heavy metal, it needs to be protected from breakage and should be kept out of the reach of children.
Cost: There is no significant difference between a mercury or a digital thermometer so you can buy any one of them. Prices start from approximately Rs.100- Rs.150.
2. Weighing Scale
Your weight needs to be regularly monitored. Obesity and overweight increases chances of high cholesterol, diabetes, and heart diseases. If you have unexplained weight loss more than 10 pounds in a month, it may be a sign of cancer, gastroenteritis, diabetes, depression, etc. On the other hand menopause, PCOD and hypothyroidism may result in unintentional weight gain. Weight scale measures your body weight. By regular weight monitoring, you will be aware you of any changes in weight that may be an indication of some underlying disease. Better consult your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment if you notice any remarkable difference in your weight.
Cost: You can buy a weight scale at a starting price of approximately Rs.550.
3. Blood Pressure Monitor
120/80-140/90 is considered normal blood pressure. If you suffer from high BP or low BP or if you are pregnant keep a blood pressure monitor at home to maintain a BP measurement record and regularly update your doctor. Even if you do not have high or low BP, you need to stock a blood pressure monitor because you never know when you may become a victim. If you note your blood pressure toward higher side better minimize the intake of sodium-rich foods and almost cut common salt from your diet. In the case of persistent high blood pressure, hypertensive medicines are given along with restricted sodium diet.
In case of low blood pressure to prevent BP from dropping down sharply after big meals better divide your meals, limit the intake of pasta, bread, potato, and rice. Drink tea or caffeinated coffee after meals. If your blood pressure drops below 70/40, sit down to prevent lightheadedness and fainting. See your doctor if you experience this often for proper diagnosis and treatment. BP fall due to dehydration following vomiting and diarrhoea can be managed at home by oral rehydration salt and other fluids. If vomiting doesn’t stop, meet your doctor.
Cost: Prices for a blood pressure monitor starts from roughly Rs.1000.
4. Blood Glucose Meter
The normal blood sugar range lies under 100 mg/d on awakening, before-meal it is 70–99 mg/dl and “Postprandial” sugar that is taken after two hours of a meal should be less than 140 mg/dl. Diabetes patients should always keep blood sugar monitor with them. It monitors the level of glucose in the blood and gives result instantly. This helps you in managing your diet and refrains you from having frequent visits to your doctor. Also, it will help you know whether the medication regime is working for you or not. If you are diabetic or even pre-diabetic, eat foods low at the glycemic index to check the progress.
5. Nebulizer Machine
A nebulizer is usually prescribed as a breathing therapy for patients with asthma. It converts liquid medication into a mist that can then be inhaled. It is helpful in case of infants and small children who cannot use inhalers. In small children and babies, it is also used to treat other respiratory conditions. Even if you are using saline water instead of medicine, you will find nebulizer helpful in cases of a cough and common cold in small babies as it will moisten nasal passage and calm cough.
Cost: Starting price of a nebulizer is approximately Rs.1000.
6. Air Purifier
With pollution level reaching to red alert the air we are breathing is becoming more and more toxic. Not just outside air but air inside the home is also polluted. Better buy an air purifier to ascertain that at least you and your family members are breathing toxin and allergen-free air inside the house. Air purifier also known as an air cleaner removes contaminants from the room. It also eliminates second-hand tobacco smoke. This will prevent respiratory disease including lung cancer. An air purifier is especially helpful for patients with asthma and allergy victims.
Cost: You may find this health care appliance a little expensive as prices start from roughly Rs.5000- Rs.8000. But, when the health of your loved ones is considered its worth buying.
7. Orthopaedic Belt
Back pain or muscle ache may hit you or any of your family member anytime. Keep orthopaedic belt handy for such situations to relieve pain. You will find them helpful also in easing the menstrual pain. You can adjust the temperature of orthopaedic straps according to your requirement. The belts are even easy and light to carry anywhere you go.
Cost: The starting price of orthopaedic belt ranges from as low as Rs.400 to Rs.600.
* We have only mentioned a rough idea of the starting price of healthcare appliances. Rates may vary depending upon brand name.