Low Blood Pressure Diet Plan – Hypotension Diet

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blood pressure check - Low Blood Pressure Diet Plan

Hypotension is the medical term for low blood pressure (less than 90/60). Optimal blood pressure is 120/80 (systolic/diastolic).

What Causes Low Blood Pressure?

The cause of low blood pressure isn’t always clear. It may be associated with the following:

  1. Pregnancy
  2. Hormonal problems such as an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism),diabetes, or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
  3. Some over-the-counter medications
  4. Some prescription medicines such as for high blood pressure, depression or Parkinson’s disease
  5. Heart failure
  6. Heart arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms)
  7. Widening, or dilation, of the blood vessels
  8. Heat exhaustion or heat stroke
  9. Liver disease

What Causes a Sudden Drop in Blood Pressure?

Sudden drops in blood pressure can be life-threatening. Causes of this type of hypotension include:

  1. Loss of blood from bleeding
  2. Low body temperature
  3. High body temperature
  4. Heart muscle disease causing heart failure
  5. Sepsis, a severe blood infection
  6. Severe dehydration from vomiting, diarrhea, or fever
  7. A reaction to medication or alcohol
  8. A severe allergic reaction called anaphylaxis

Treatments

  1. Drink more water, less alcohol
  2. Follow a healthy diet
  3. Eat small, low-carb meals
  4. Exercise
  5. Medication

Sample Diet Plan

This is if you are overweight and have moderately active life style.

Please Note

  • If someone feels hungry one can take milk or one fruit before going to bed
  • A well-known low blood pressure diet home remedy is garlic. Including garlic in your diet helps regulate blood pressure. Beetroot is another home remedy to treat the problem. Therefore try to include garlic and beetroot in your diet wherever possible.
  • Some believe that hot Epsom salt baths can be given to the patient before bedtime.

Guidelines for making a hypotension diet plan

  1. Drink plenty of fluids: Drinking more water may help raise blood pressure because fluids increase blood volume. Drinking adequate amounts of water also helps prevent dehydration, a common cause of hypotension.
  2. Increase salt intake: Salt has been shown to increase blood pressure. Therefore, increasing salt intake may be a beneficial treatment for patients with hypotension with no known underlying cause. However, because salt may lead to heart failure, particularly in older adults, patients should talk to their doctors before increasing their salt intake. Doctors can also help individuals identify foods that have high amounts of sodium.
  3. Eat small portions: If hypotension occurs after eating, patients may help reduce their symptoms by eating smaller meals several times a day. Reducing the amount of carbohydrates (such as rice, pasta, and bread), may also help prevent blood pressure from dropping suddenly after meals. Studies have shown that low-carbohydrate meals induce significantly smaller systolic blood pressure declines than high-carbohydrate meals. However, patients should talk to their doctors before changing their diets.
  4. Caffeine: Caffeine has been shown to increase blood pressure. Therefore, patients may benefit from drinking caffeinated beverages, such as coffee or tea. However, since caffeine may cause health problems, patients should talk to their doctors before increasing their caffeine intake.
  5. Avoid consuming alcohol: Alcohol is dehydrating, and it may lower blood pressure. These effects may occur even if a person drinks in moderation. Therefore, patients with hypotension are encouraged to avoid consuming alcohol.
  6. Have a low carb meal
  7. Including garlic in your diet helps regulate blood pressure. Beetroot is another home remedy to treat the problem. Therefore try to include garlic and beetroot in your diet wherever possible.
  8. Some believe that hot Epsom salt baths can be given to the patient before bedtime.
  9. Low blood pressure and lack of exercise do hand in hand. Meditation and deep breathing should be practiced every day. Exercises such as brisk walking should also be encouraged. This stimulates blood flow which in turn is important to regulate blood pressure. Relaxation recharges the entire body

What To Have?

  1. Raisins
  2. Milk
  3. Almonds
  4. Carrots
  5. Salt but in limits
  6. Holy Basil (Tulsi)
  7. Garlic
  8. Licorice (Muleti)
  9. Caffeinated food in limits
  10. Fruits
  11. Vegetables
  12. Complex carbohydrates
  13. Dark green leafy vegetables
  14. Lean Meats
  15. Pulses
  16. Egg
  17. Milk Products

What to avoid?

  1. Fried or oily foods
  2. Processed foods
  3. Refined foods
  4. Spicy Foods
  5. High Carb Foods
  6. Avoid Consuming Alcohals